Understanding Deposit Refund Systems (DRS) and Reducing Waste for Sustainability


  • Beytullah Eren Sakarya University




Deposit Refund Systems (DRS), Waste Reduction, Sustainability, Environmental Impact, Consumer Behavior


This article explores the potential of Deposit Refund Systems (DRS) in mitigating the global environmental crisis arising from rising waste and pollution. DRS motivates recycling by offering financial incentives for returning items like bottles and cans, effectively decreasing plastic waste and litter in diverse locations. The article explores the mechanics of DRS, outlining its benefits and challenges. It also traces the historical evolution of DRS, covering early initiatives to recent implementations across different countries. DRS serves as a compelling motivator for recycling, encouraging individuals to return used containers and contribute to waste reduction. Despite its effectiveness, challenges such as initial setup costs and concerns about fraud are acknowledged. The article details the steps in establishing a DRS, including rule formulation, awareness campaigns, and business collaboration. The positive environmental impact of DRS is highlighted, contributing to increased recycling rates, cleaner public spaces, and job creation. However, limitations are acknowledged, such as setup costs and inconvenience for consumers. In conclusion, DRS emerges as a promising solution to address the environmental crisis, emphasizing the need for careful planning and global cooperation. Ongoing research and innovation are essential to enhance DRS’s effectiveness in sustainable waste management. The collaborative efforts of governments, businesses, and individuals are pivotal in shaping deposit refund systems’ future toward a more environmentally sustainable world.

Author Biography

Beytullah Eren, Sakarya University

Department of Environmental Engineering/Faculty of Engineering, Türkiye




How to Cite

Eren, B. (2023). Understanding Deposit Refund Systems (DRS) and Reducing Waste for Sustainability. AS-Proceedings, 1(7), 1039–1043. https://doi.org/10.59287/as-proceedings.838